CHALLENGE D: International policy and treaty options for ultra-high assurance IT?
What constituent processes can ensure timely, effective and democratically efficient adoption of international policies and treaties – mandatory or voluntary, but meaningfully enforceable – of such ultra-high assurance standards setting and certification processes by nations and/or private providers?!
– (1) International governmental treaties within UN System?
– (2) Bilateral EU/US agreements?
– (3) International non-governmental body and than international governmental binding treaty of the willing within the UN System?
– (4) EU and or EU members states inter-governmental initiative?
– (5) Other
Although the creation of new or improved international standardization and certification bodies for critical end-2-end societal ICT systems can be highly effective within current legislative and constitutional frameworks and treaties – i.e. without governmental recognition or legislative changes – they could provide the crucial socio-technical basis of the oversight, standardization and certification to ensure the meaningful enforceability of their recognition or adoption, for certain classes of services, single nations, or by intergovernmental agreements and treaties.
Examples of such international agreements or treaties could be the Geneva-Convention like treaty proposed by the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right of Privacy, the proposed Snowden Treaty, or standard bodies called for by Bruce Schneier for the “so-called” World-Sized Web. They may constitute an example of the “sector-specific” solutions to Safe Harbour issues (OMC post), and other EU/US privacy issues, as suggested by Max Schrems.
Constituent processes for the creation of such intergovernmental treaties could get inspiration from those of the Coalition for International Criminal Court, successfully co-lead lead by the World Federalist Movement, or a proposed constituent process based on UN Caucuses, which was approved by the World Federalist Movement 2008 Congress (post).